About 70 percent of the global cocoa production originates from Africa, mainly West Africa. The EAC Partner States are not among the large producers on a global perspective, but there is great potential.
Nearly 90 percent of cocoa is produced by small scale farmers, thus it is a sector with high employment and poverty reducing opportunities.
Top Cocoa Producers and Consumers
Cocoa in East Africa
The EAC trades four types of Cocoa mainly with the European Union (EU): cocoa beans, cocoa butter, cocoa powder/cake and cocoa paste. Of these, cocoa beans are the only significant cocoa exported to the EU market and Uganda is the biggest producer of cocoa in East Africa.
Trade Volumes of Cocoa between 2015 – 2019 in USD
Cocoa Export volumes in 2019 from EAC Partner States
MARKUP interventions in the cocoa sector
- Cocoa SMEs from Uganda participated in the Salon du Chocolat in Paris in October 2019. As a result, one company has negotiated 3 lead contracts worth USD 50,000 and another one has signed an agreement to receive an investment of 80,000 USD from an impact investor specialising in agriculture and debt financing.
- A study on the demand and supply side value chain in Uganda was conducted. It is available for download here.
- The East African Standards Technical Committee on Coffee, Cocoa and related products was supported to prepare draft standards for cocoa beans, cocoa butter, cocoa powders, chocolate and chocolate products, and facilitated national consultations on the draft standards in Burundi and Rwanda.
- The development the legal, regulatory and institutional framework for Cocoa in Uganda is underway. The Cocoa Regulatory Impact Assessment was completed to pave the way for the enactment of a bill.
- Two SMEs in the cocoa sector have been selected to receive matching grants to implement priorities aimed at improving competitiveness.